Financial Glossary Header Image


Updated on July 18, 2023

The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) was established in 1986 under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986. It operates under the protection of the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food, and Public Distribution. BIS is the national standards body of India and functions as the apex body responsible for formulating and promoting standards across various sectors.

Understanding BIS in detail

Objectives of BIS

BIS has several key objectives which include developing Indian Standards (IS) that specify minimum requirements, quality parameters, safety guidelines, and performance criteria for products and services. Secondly, BIS operates certification schemes, such as the ISI mark, which assess and certify products that meet the relevant Indian Standards. BIS also aims to protect consumer interests by ensuring quality, safety, and reliability of products. Additionally, BIS promotes fair trade practices and aims to harmonize Indian Standards with international standards.

Standardisation process
The formulation of Indian Standards involves several steps. BIS identifies the need for new standards or revisions based on technological advancements, market requirements, and consumer demands. Expert committees are then formed, comprising representatives from industry, academia, research institutions, consumer organizations, and government bodies. These committees draft standards, gather public input, and consider feedback before finalizing and publishing the standards, which become benchmarks for products and services.

Certification and Marking

BIS operates product certification schemes, including the well-known ISI mark. Manufacturers voluntarily seek BIS certification, subjecting their products to testing in approved laboratories. The ISI mark serves as a certification symbol, signifying compliance with the relevant Indian Standard. It assures consumers of quality and safety.

Impact and Benefits of BIS

The presence of BIS and adherence to Indian Standards offer several benefits:

Quality Assurance – BIS ensures that products and services meet specified quality standards, thereby enhancing consumer confidence and trust.

Consumer Protection – BIS helps protect consumers from substandard and unsafe products, ensuring their health and safety.

Market Competitiveness – Compliance with Indian Standards enhances the competitiveness of businesses in both domestic and international markets.

International Trade – Harmonization with international standards facilitates export opportunities and strengthens India’s position in global trade.

Industry Development – BIS plays a crucial role in supporting the growth and development of industries by establishing uniform quality benchmarks.