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Updated on July 18, 2023

Depreciation in currency markets refers to a decrease in the value of a country’s currency relative to other currencies. It means that the currency has lost purchasing power compared to foreign currencies. For example, depreciation implies that when exchanging Indian rupees for other currencies, you will receive a smaller amount of the foreign currency in return.

What are the factors that result in the depreciation of currency?

Some of the factors that result in the depreciation of currency. Economic conditions like low economic growth, high unemployment rates, high inflation, fiscal deficits, or trade imbalances can lead to currency depreciation. If a country’s interest rates are relatively lower compared to other countries, it can make its currency less attractive to foreign investors, leading to depreciation. During periods of uncertainty, investors tend to seek safer assets, causing currencies perceived as riskier to depreciate. Political instability, changes in government, policy uncertainties, or geopolitical tensions can impact currency values by eroding investor confidence and resulting in currency depreciation. Furthermore, Central banks can intervene in currency markets to influence exchange rates. If a central bank decides to devalue its currency intentionally, it can lead to currency depreciation.

What is the impact of depreciation on the economy as a whole?

Currency depreciation can have significant implications for the overall economy. On the positive side, it can enhance export competitiveness, attract foreign investment and tourism, and improve the current account balance. However, there are also negative consequences to consider. Depreciation can contribute to inflationary pressures, increase import costs, and amplify the burden of servicing foreign debt. Therefore, it is important to understand the multifaceted impact of currency depreciation and adapt trading strategies accordingly