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Repo Rate

Updated on October 4, 2023

The term repo rate is often in the news when the monetary policy of the country is revised from time to time. The meaning of this term and its relevance in loans is given here.

Meaning of Repo Rate –

Repo Rate, short for Repurchase Rate, is a key monetary policy tool used by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to control inflation and manage the country’s money supply. It is the interest rate at which the RBI lends money to commercial banks for a short-term period, usually 1 to 7 days, in exchange for government securities (bonds). When the RBI wants to curb inflation and reduce the money supply in the economy, it raises the repo rate, making it more expensive for banks to borrow money. Conversely, when the RBI wants to encourage economic growth, it may lower the repo rate to make borrowing cheaper for banks.

Importance of Repo Rate in Loans

The importance of repo rate in loans is highlighted below.

Loan Interest Rates – The repo rate directly affects bank interest rates, making loans costlier when it is higher and more affordable when it is lower.

Cost of Borrowing – Repo rate changes significantly impact the expense of loans, potentially leading to higher monthly payments when rates rise.

Economic Conditions – Repo rate shifts signal the RBI’s economic concerns, influencing borrowers’ purchasing power and loan affordability.

Interest Rate Trends – Tracking repo rate changes helps borrowers anticipate broader interest rate movements, guiding loan timing.

Financial Planning – Comprehending the repo rate’s influence on loan rates is crucial for informed financial choices, including timing loan applications and choosing fixed or floating rates.

Variable Rate Loans – Borrowers with adjustable-rate loans should closely monitor repo rate movements, as they can cause fluctuations in loan interest rates and monthly payments.