Investment in stock markets has peaked in the recent past. The post covid period saw an unprecedented increase in the number of new investor accounts, nearly 142 lakh in 2020-21. This includes investment in primary as well as secondary markets in the form of investing and trading. Every investor in the stock market has a vision and hope of being the next Warren Buffet or Rakesh Jhunjhunwala and creating massive wealth through stocks. While this is quite difficult to achieve, it is definitely not impossible. There have been many cases in the modern world where investors have become rich through their investments in stock markets.
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Given below are a few pointers to look out for the same and enable investors to generate more value for their investments.
What are investment options in stock markets?
The stock market has a variety of investment options and can cater to every class of investors. There are essentially two paths to earning money through stock markets, i.e., through trading or through investments. Investments can be across various asset classes like equity, debt, money market instruments, or trading in futures and options, forward contracts, options, etc.
Earnings through stock markets can be classified into two broad categories namely through capital gains or dividends. Capital gains are further classified into short-term and long-term gains depending on the period of holding of the capital asset. Dividends on the other hand are the share of profits that are distributed to the shareholders on a per-share basis.
What are the key points or strategies to get rich in stock markets?
Some of the key points of strategies that can help in generating more wealth from stock markets are mentioned hereunder.
- Buy and hold
Most investors and even traders adopt the strategy of buy and hold. This involves analyzing quality stocks from every sector or market pioneer that have a sound business model and a good growth potential. When the stock prices of such shares are lower investors and traders tap into such opportunities and buy these quality stocks with a long-term approach. These stocks may be volatile in the short term but in the long term, these stocks are bound to grow. Therefore, the buy and hold approach allows the investors to benefit from long-term gains from these stocks and increase their wealth.
- Capital appreciation through compounding
Another important tip to increase wealth through stock markets is to consistently invest and allow the investments to gain the benefit of capital appreciation through the compounding effect. Compounding is one of the biggest factors that contribute to increasing the wealth of an investor through dynamic investment options like mutual funds, index funds, etc. A person making a lumpsum investment of Rs. 100000 for a period of 5 years and making the same amount of investment through SIP for a similar period will definitely generate higher returns in the latter option. The contributing factor is the compounding effect in the SIP option that allows the investment to grow at a higher rate.
- Returns through dividends
It is well established that dividends are also a way to gain from stock markets. There are many companies, especially PSUs, that may not be high profit-making but provide decent dividends every year. Many companies like ITC, Coal India, Hindustan Zinc Limited, ONGC, etc. provide high dividends to the shareholders and can help generate a good passive income and gradually build their wealth.
- Investment styles
Investors also need to adopt different investment styles to factor in the growth potential of the stock markets. Two main types of investment styles include active investing and passive investing. Investors who have thorough market knowledge and expertise can pick high wealth-generating stocks and create their own portfolios or hire professionals to gain from their expertise. On the other hand, the passive investing style is less risky and generates more or less stab;e returns to gradually build one’s corpus to further generate higher wealth. A combination of the two is ideal to create a sound portfolio that can help the investors create maximum wealth at minimal risks and thereby meet their financial goals faster.
We have often heard that diversification is the key to having a successful portfolio. A diversified portfolio will allow the investors to weather the market volatility. It not only allows the investors to spread their risk but also gets the benefit of returns from diverse asset classes. Index funds and ETFs are perfect examples to be included in a diversified portfolio along with other asset classes and sub-classes. The inherent nature of index funds and ETFs along with their passive approach will help the investors get stable returns at minimal risks and gradually contribute in wealth creation.
- Evaluate the business share’s intrinsic value
The first and foremost rule of investing in stock markets is knowing the market and its nuances. This includes the study of the markets at the macro as well as micro levels. An important aspect of understanding the stock markets is understanding the difference between the market value of a stock and its intrinsic value. A novice investor may see stocks of a well-known brand available at cheaper rates and assume it to be a good investment opportunity. But a well-informed and seasoned investor will know to first check the intrinsic value of the shares and compare it to their market value to know if the shares are undervalued or overvalued. This analysis is crucial for making a sound investment decision.
Getting rich by investing in stocks sounds quite attractive but not every investor understands the efforts and the understanding needed to curate and nurture their investment portfolio. It also requires a huge amount of patience and a practical approach to investment without letting emotions guide one’s investment decisions. The changing approach of investors today and the abundance of knowledge available are quite important tools that can help in making this vision a reality.
A clear market understanding is a stepping stone to investment in stock markets. Investors understand the various concepts related to investing and trading to understand when is the most opportune time to enter and exit the markets.
There is no ideal answer to the correct or the ideal time frame of investment. The time horizon of investment depends on various factors like investment goals, capital availability, risk-return perception, etc.
Yes. Volumes play a crucial role in determining the net returns as well as boosting wealth creation. It is natural that investments made with higher capital will yield higher returns and vice versa.
Investing and trading are essentially two main avenues of wealth creation through stock markets and are independent modes altogether. Therefore, a person can be an investor or a trader or both to gain maximum returns from stock markets.