The Income Tax Act,1961 has laid in detail the taxable income of assessees and the relevant heads of incomes under which they are taxed. Apart from these provisions, the Act also specifies the exempt incomes that can be deducted from the taxable income. Such incomes reduce the tax burden on the taxpayers, however, it is important that such income be declared in the tax returns to avoid any future confusion or consequences.
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Given below is the meaning of exempt income and why it is important to declare the same in the ITR.
What is exempted income?
Exempt income is the income of the taxpayers that are outside the purview of taxation as per the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. These incomes are usually mentioned under the provisions of section 10 of the Act and its subsections. Such exemptions are provided to grant relief from taxation to the taxpayers belonging to key sectors of the economy or to help economically backward sections or boost the economic activities in a particular area or industry. An exemption can be provided on the total income of the taxpayer or on a partial income as per the relevant provisions of the Act depending on the nature of the income.
Types of exempted income
The list of exempted income as per the Income Tax Act is quite extensive. Some of the common exemptions that are often availed by the taxpayers are listed below.
|10(1)||Income from agriculture and allied activities.|
|10(2)||An amount received by a person through HUF|
|10(2A)||Income received by partners through a firm|
|10(10B)||Compensation to victims of Bhopal Gas Leak Disaster Act 1985|
|10(10BC)||Compensation obtained by victims in the event of a disaster|
|10(10D)||LIC Policy Receipts|
|10(13A)||House Rent Allowance|
|10(5)||Leave travel Concession|
|10(13)||Amount received from a superannuation fund|
|10(18)||Amount received as a family pension or pension of gallantry-award recipients|
|10(37)||Capital gains from the transfer of agricultural land|
Relevance of exempted income while filing returns
Many taxpayers believe that exempt income need not be filed under the Income Tax laws. However, that is not the case. The department insists that taxpayers duly file the relevant ITRs in either of the following class,
- If the taxpayer is out of the ambit of taxation on account of their income being up to the basic exemption limit as per the applicable tax laws, or,
- If their income is exempt under any provisions of the Act.
This helps the Department get clarity on the exempt income and the source of such income even if there is no tax revenue generated on the same.
Some of the key reasons why filing exempt income in the ITR is important are discussed below.
The prime reason for filing exempt income even if they are not taxable is the need for transparency of all the sources of income. The provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961, mandate the assessee to declare all their sources of income irrespective of their taxability. This will further help them escape any penal provisions in the future relating to any accusations of undisclosed income and avoid any future hassles.
- Clarity of intention of taxpayers
The intention of the taxpayer will not be questioned at any point if they have duly disclosed their exempt income in the relevant ITRs. There will be no possibilities or accusations of mens rea by the Department, which will further ease the burden on both parties.
- Completion of the ITR
As the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 requires the assessee to provide all the sources of their income in the ITR, non-compliance with the same will deem the returns filed incomplete. The consequences of filing an incomplete ITR are severe and the assessee may also be liable to pay a penalty for the same. Therefore, it is important to file exempt income in the ITR even if the tax liability is nil.
- Curbing any possibility of black money
Non-filing of exempt income may lead to hoarding of assets and may also lead to the accumulation of black money. The perils of black money in the economy are multifaceted and have been faced since the time of independence. Hence, to curb any possibility of creating wealth through black money, and concentration of power in the hands of a few, the department insists that the taxpayers file even their exempt income in the relevant ITRs on the respective due dates for the same.
Exempt income is essentially the non-taxable income that is outside the purview of taxation as per the Income Tax Act, 1961. This income may be exempt but has to be included in the ITR to ensure the completion of the return. This will ensure that the income is duly disclosed and accounted for in the Income tax records.
The exempt income can be fully exempt (100% exempt) or partially exempt depending on the nature of the income.
Exempt income is income that is not taxable and therefore is not included in the Gross taxable income. Deduction from income is the income or expenses that are reduced from the Gross Taxable Income to derive the Net Taxable income of the taxpayer.
Yes, agriculture income is fully exempt i.e., 100% exempt from income tax.
No. If the income or gains from any particular source is exempt from taxation, the expenses incurred to derive such income cannot be deducted or adjusted against any other income of the taxpayer.