Skip to content

Invest & Trade Smarter with Fisdom App

Get a FREE Fisdom account for Stocks, Mutual Funds & more, all in one place

Download Fisdom app

Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan, RGSA – Objective, Components & More

Written by - Akarshita Yaji

March 28, 2023 7 minutes

Rashtriya Panchayati Raj Day falls on 24th April 2018, and this was the day when Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan was launched. The scheme’s primary objective was strengthening Panchayats to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by empowering the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) in 117 Aspirational Districts. The plan has been approved with a total budget outlay of Rs.7255.50 crores, out of which the State share will be Rs.2755.50 crores, and the Central claim will be Rs.4500.00 crores. The scheme is extended to all States and Union Territories, including areas where Panchayats do not exist.

 Components of the Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan

The scheme consists of central and state components. The main element includes (i) national level activities such as the National Scheme for Technical Assistance (NPTA) including NPMU), Collaborating with Educational Institutions/ Institutes of Excellence of NIRD and PR Hyderabad for various activities of Capacity Building and Training for PRIs (ii) Mission Mode Project (MMP) on e-Panchayats and (iii) Promotion of Panchayats. In addition, state Component Activities are to be undertaken by State Governments for capacity building and training and capacity building of Panchayats. Such as capacity building and training, training infrastructure and human resource support for training, strengthening of Gram Sabhas in PESA areas, distance education facility through SATCOM, support to Innovations, Technical Support for PRIs, Financial Data and Analysis Cell, Panchayat Bhawan, E-Enabling of Panchayats, Project-Based Financing for Economic Development and Income Augmentation, IEC and PMU. The sharing pattern for the State component is in the ratio of 60:40 except for the North Eastern States, where the Central and State sharing is in the proportion of 90:10. For all UTs, the central share is 100%.

The target of the program of Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan is basic orientation training for the elected representatives of Panchayats within six months of their election for a phased saturation mode and ensure refresher training within two years RGSA will have thrust for SHG-PRI convergence to ensure effective community mobilisation and greater public ownership of flagship programs of the Government. In addition, there will be enhancement of e-governance and technology-driven solutions at the Panchayat level to achieve administrative efficiency, better service delivery and greater accountability.

The scheme aims to enable PRIs to implement RGSA in a meaningful, concrete and result-oriented manner; a framework/framework for implementation of RGSA has been prepared and shared with the States.

During the year 2018-19, the Ministry has approved Annual Action Plans (AAPs) of 32 States/UTs, and under this scheme, Rs 598.21 crore has been released to the states and implementing agencies etc.

In addition, to the speedy implementation of the plan and to achieve the set objectives progressively, this Ministry has taken the initiative of granting advance approval by the Central High Powered Committee of RGSA to the Annual Action Plans for the year 2019-20 of all the States/UTs. , So that the States/UTs have a full year to implement their approved activities. For this, the 3rd meeting of the CEC of RGSA was held on 22nd, and 23rd February 2019 and Annual Action Plans of 33 States/UTs were approved for the year 2019-20. Accordingly, the meeting minutes have been sent to the respective States/UTs and the participants.

The objective of Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan

  • The scheme’s objective is to increase the capacity and effectiveness of panchayats and gram sabhas, promote the participation of the common person in panchayats, enable Panchayats to make decisions democratically and take responsibility. 
  • It also aims to strengthen the institutional framework of Panchayats for knowledge and capacity building of Panchayats.
  • The other purpose of the Abhiyan is delegation of rights and responsibilities to Panchayats following the spirit of the 73rd Constitutional Amendment, public participation under the Panchayati Raj system.
  • The scheme also focuses on ensuring transparency and accountability.
  • The Government wants to strengthen the Gram Sabhas and empower the Panchayats in the constitutional system.

The scheme will ensure the below things :

  • The representative should get basic training within six months of his election period.
  • After every two years, there is going to be refresher training.
  • There is precision in rural areas concerning the Panchyati system.

Focus Area of RGSA

Here are some bullet points on the top focus areas of Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA) in India:

Benefits of RGSA

Here are some bullet points on the top benefits of Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA) in India:

Expansion program of Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan 

Implementation of the scheme will be done in all the states and union territories of the country. According to the guidelines given under the Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan / Rajiv Gandhi Panchayat Empowerment Scheme, out of the various works mentioned in the said scheme, the State Government will prepare a plan according to its needs and the annual action plan for the first year and the long-term plan for the 12th five year plan period. The State Election Commission and the State Finance Commission will also prepare their projects and submit them to the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India, which can be considered in consultation with the State Government.

Download one of India's best wealth management apps

Join more than one million investors and take control of your wealth

Download app